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A Huge Solar Eruption may be Headed toward the Earth

Massive solar outburst has been observed, but astronomers are unsure if it will affect Earth. The solar surface has experienced some intriguing action in recent weeks. Instead of dying, sunspot AR3038, which is facing Earth and was supposed to become smaller, has grown to reach three times the size of Earth. Astronomers have been watching this sunspot in anticipation of solar flare Eruption .

Instead, a coronal mass ejection, or CME, which is significantly more potent than a solar flare because it is jam-packed with plenty of plasma and magnetic flux, has taken place. The CME’s lack of connection to Sunspot AR3038 is the only drawback. In contrast, astronomers are unsure about its origin.The explosion was detected on Sunday by the Computer Aided CME Tracking instrument from the European Space Agency (ESA) (CACTus). According to the website for the tool, the algorithm functions independently.

It makes use of information obtained from the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO), a project that the ESA and NASA worked on together to investigate the Sun.Astronomers employ additional solar-focused sensors to validate the occurrences as CACTus’ list of CME is created automatically. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is one such device; last week, it even provided us with photographs of sunspot AR3038. Since the magnetic forces in the Eruption interact with the Earth’s magnetic field, CMEs may produce large outages in contrast to solar flares, which can only produce brief radio blackouts.

An electrical grid may completely collapse as a result of a geomagnetic storm brought on by a CME, and radio communication may be disrupted for days. After high-energy CMEs, even navigational systems may be significantly impacted. Thankfully, these storms don’t happen often. Solar flares move quickly and can reach Earth within minutes if they are directed at it. However, a CME might take many days to reach Earth. So, according to astronomers who spoke to Newsweek, the explosion that was seen on the solar surface on Sunday might arrive on Earth by June 28 or June 29.

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