On Earth, we often look towards the sky longing to know more about what resides in the rest of the Universe. Meanwhile, 250 miles above our planet, the International Space Station is looking back. Above us, multiple Earth-observing instruments are mounted on the exterior of several of the station’s modules, including a limb full of cameras, boxes, and tools that hangs off the edge of the station’s Japanese Experiment Module.
“If you don’t have a good understanding of how things might change, you are in a very poor position to be able to handle it when they do,” says William Stefanov, manager of the Exploration Science Office at NASA’s Johnson Space Centre in Houston.
Over the past few years, environmental issues have increased and gauged up to exponential numbers. The threat has been predicted with the help of various scientists on the International Space Station. The space station affords a unique planetary perspective with an orbital party passing over 90 percent of the Earth’s population. The orbit generally allows the space station to pass over different spots of Earth at different times of day or night and collect data. It’s fundamentally a different set as seen to the typical remote sensing instruments in detecting Earth’s climate purview.