Time Crystals that last indefinitely at room temperature could have applications in precision timekeeping. We have all seen , whether a simple grain of salt or sugar or an elaborate and beautiful amethyst. The study was published this week in Nature Communications.These Crystals are made of atoms or molecules repeating in a symmetrical three-dimensional pattern called a lattice, in which atoms occupy specific points in space.
By forming a periodic lattice, carbon atoms in a diamond, for example, break the symmetry of the space they sit in. Physicists call this “breaking symmetry.”Scientists have recently discovered that a similar effect can be witnessed in time. As the name suggests, symmetry breaking can arise only where some sort of symmetry exists. In the time domain, a cyclically changing force or energy source naturally produces a temporal pattern. Breaking the symmetry occurs when a system driven by such a force faces a déjà vu moment, but not with the same period as that of the force.
Cutting-edge research led by UC Riverside has now observed time Crystals in a system not isolated from its ambient environment. This significant achievement brings scientists one step closer to developing time for use in real-world applications.